The island was originally colonised by the Carians. A contingent from Kos participated in the War of Troy The Dorians invaded it in the 11th century BC, establishing a Dorian colony with a large contingent of settlers from Epidaurus, whose Asclepius cult made their new home famous for its sanatoria. The other chief sources of the island's wealth lay in its wines and, in later days, in its silk manufacture. Its early history–as part of the religious-political amphictyony that included Lindos, Kamiros, Ialysos, Cnidus and Halicarnassus, the Dorian Hexapolis (Greek for six cities), is obscure. At the end of the 6th century, Kos fell under Achaemenid domination but rebelled after the Greek victory at Cape Mykale in 479. During the Greco-Persian Wars, when it twice expelled the Persians, it was ruled by tyrants, but as a rule it seems to have been under oligarchic government. In the 5th century, it joined the Delian League, and, after the revolt of Rhodes, it served as the chief Athenian station in the south-eastern Aegean (411–407). In 366 BC, a democracy was instituted.
For all of those interested to learn more about the history and mythology of our beautiful island, browse through the pages of this section which was created with love for our island, Kos!
Kos is the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of medicine. The Tree under which he used to teach still stands in the centre of the town, being the oldest tree in Europe and one of the oldest worldwide.
The Asklepieion is undoubtedly the most important monument on Kos, the oldest and most famous centre of healing in the ancient world. It is until today that the Hippocratic Oath is heard every summer at the temple of Asklepieion, spoken in Ancient Greek.Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans and Italians have passed through the island and formed the mosaic of modern Kos.
Archaeological monuments reaching back to more than 3000 years can be found all over the island.Numerous castles, ancient temples old theatres and the Ancient Market remain throughout the centuries witnesses of the glory and fame Kos has known. Voices from another era can still be heard in the landscapes of Kos...
the signs of aging and the passage of many cultures and peoples from Kos are alive today. From the mythological era of Hercules and King Charmilou the Hellenistic era Asclepius , the ancient stadium of the ancient agora and the ancient theater to the present day with modern infrastructure and residential development , a number of monuments and residues , evidenced in various cultures that shaped the history and local tradition.
Dozens are surviving monuments from the period of the Roman Empire where Kos continued to grow , with the main crowd of statues, Roman Odeon and the Roman House , from the period of the Byzantine Empire , the main early Christian church of St. John but also from the period of the Crusades and the prestigious Venetian conquerors castles Neratzia city , castle Antimahia , Castle of Kefalos and the castle of the old Pyli . From Ottoman monuments stand out part of the old city of Kos and mosques of the city , while the Italian period the modern buildings of Italian architecture and infrastructure that are still operating today.
However , the most striking point where visitors can see the remains of all cultures are clustered downtown, the Liberty Square .
Kos story starts almost from the 3rd millennium BC , ie the end of the Neolithic era . According to historians , is the sole of the Dodecanese islands inhabited since.
Kos is already present in Greek mythology . In the myth of gigantomachy , one learns that the fight broke out among the gods of Olympus and the Giants took place in the island of Kos . There the god Neptune approaches the Giant Polybotis gets the trident a portion of the Cape Turtle and the Giant , crushed it .
Kos is also connected with the labors of Hercules , who , according to legend , was shipwrecked along with few companions on the northern beaches of Kos , somewhere in the vicinity of Atsas . King Eurypylus considering Hercules robber , chased him , causing him to flee in a mountainous place near Pili . After winning the King deliberately Kos , Heracles left for Flegra , once recognized as the legitimate king Chalkona Kos, Nisyros , Kalymnos and other neighboring islands. In this way he dominated the generation Heraclids Kos ( a name that has gotten and a region of the island) , from which tradition holds to originate and Hippocrates . Hercules in historical times was worshiped on the island of Kos as few as reveal the ruins of magnificent temples in the city and anecdotal character data such as the name of the municipality Antimachidon ( current Antimacheia ) the name of the Son of Hercules rivalries .